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09 Jul 2010 | by Prateek Kashyap | Posted in: Training

Crate training takes some time and effort, but it is a proven way to help train dogs who act inappropriately without knowing any better.  If you have a new dog or puppy, you can use the crate to limit access to the house until he learns all the house rules – like what he can and can’t chew on and where he can and can’t eliminate.  A crate is also a safe way of transporting your dog in the car or taking him places where he may not be welcome to run freely.  If you properly train your dog to use the crate, he’ll think of it as his safe place and will be happy to spend time there when needed.

Selecting a crate

Crates may be plastic or collapsible metal pens.  They come in different sizes and can be purchased at most pet supply stores.  Your dog’s crate should be just large enough for him to stand up and turn around in.  If your dog is still growing, choose a crate that will accommodate his adult size. Block off the excess crate space so your dog can’t eliminate at one end and retreat to the other.

The Crate Training Process

Crate training can take days or weeks, depending on your dog’s age, temperament, and past experiences.  It’s important to keep two things in mind while crate training:  The crate should always be associated with something pleasant, and training should take place in a series of small steps.  Don’t go too fast.

Step 1: Introducing your dog to the crate
•  Place the crate in an area of your house where the family spends a lot of time, such as the family room.  Put a soft blanket or towel in the crate.  Bring your dog
over to the crate and talk to him in a happy tone of voice (“Baby talk” s misconstrued as fear by most dogs).  Make sure the crate door is open and secured to that it won’t hit your dog and frighten him.
•  To encourage your dog to enter the crate, drop some small food treats nearby, then just inside the door, and finally, all the way inside the crate.  If he refuses to
go all the way in at first, that’s okay; don’t force him to enter.  Continues tossing treats into the crate until your dog will walk calmly all the way into the crate to get the food.  If he isn’t interested in treats, try tossing a favorite toy in the crate.
This step may take a few minutes or as long as several days.

Step 2: Feeding your dog his meals in the crate
•  After introducing your dog to the crate, begin feeding him his regular meals near it.  This will create a pleasant associate with the crate.  If your dog is readily
entering the crate when you begin Step 2, place the food dish all the way at the back of the crate.  If your dog remains reluctant to enter the crate, put the dish
only as far inside as he will readily go without becoming fearful or anxious.  Each time you feed him, place the dish a little further back in the crate.
•  Once your dog is standing comfortably in the crate to eat his meal, you can close the door while he’s eating.  The first time you do this; open the door as soon as
he finishes his meal.  With each successive feeding, leave the door closed a few minutes longer, until he’s staying in the crate for 10 minutes or so after eating.  If
he begins to whine to be let out, you may have increased the length of time too quickly.  Next time, try leaving him in the crate for a shorter period of time.  If he
does whine or cry in the crate, it’s imperative that you not let him out until he stops.  Otherwise, he’ll learn that the way to get out of the crate is to whine, so
he’ll keep doing it.

Step 3: Conditioning your dog to the crate for longer time periods
•  After your dog is eating his regular meals in the crate with no sign of fear or anxiety, you can confine him there for short time periods while you’re home.  Call
him over to the crate and give him a treat.  Give him a command to enter, such as “kennel up.”  Encourage him by pointing to the inside of the crate with a treat
in your hand.  After your dog enters the crate, praise him, give him the treat, and close the door.  Sit quietly near the crate for five minutes, then go into another
room for a few minutes.  Return, sit quietly again for a short time, then let him out of the crate.
•  Repeat this process several times a day.  With watch repetition, gradually  increase the length of time you leave him in the crate and the length of time
you’re out of his sight.  Once your dog will stay quietly in the crate for about 30 minutes with you out of sight the majority of the time, you can begin leaving him
crated when you’re gone for short periods or letting him sleep there at night.  This may take several days or several weeks.

Step 4A: Crating your dog when you leave
•  After your dog can spend about 30 minutes in the crate without becoming anxious or afraid, you can begin leaving him crated for short periods when you
leave the house.  Put him in the crate using your regular command and a treat.
You might also want to leave him with a few safe toys in the crate.  You’ll want to vary at what point in your “getting ready” routine that you put your dog in the
crate.  Although he shouldn’t be crated for a long time before you leave, you can  crate him anywhere from 5-20 minutes prior to leaving.
•  Don’t make your departures emotional and prolonged, but rather matter-of-fact. Praise your dog briefly, give him a treat for entering the crate, and then leave
quietly.  When you return home, don’t reward your dog for excited behavior by responding to him in an excited, enthusiastic way.  Keep arrivals low-key to avoid increasing his anxiety.  Continue to crate your dog for short periods from time to time when you’re home so he doesn’t associate crating with being left alone.

Step 4B: Crating your dog at night
•  Put your dog in the crate using your regular command and a treat.  Initially, it may be a good idea to put the crate in your bedroom or nearby in a hallway,
especially if you have a puppy.  Puppies often need to go outside to eliminate during the night, and you’ll want to be able to hear your puppy when he whines to
be let outside. •  Older dogs, too, should be initially kept nearby so that they don’t associate the crate with social isolation.  Once your dog is sleeping comfortably through the night with his crate near you, you can begin to gradually move it to the location you prefer, although time spent with your dog – even sleep time – is a chance to strengthen the bond between you and your pet.

More Info

Prateek Kashyap


nice tips

By: Hemanshu | 13 Jul 2010

Prejith Sampath
I should try this. My tibetan spaniel created such a ruckus that i had to remove the crate door. Now she has accepted it as her home and sleeps in it. I should try replacing the door. Thanks for the tips.

By: Prejith Sampath | 18 Jul 2010

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