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A Dog's Basic Needs

04 May 2013 | by Kritika Manchanda | Posted in: Wellness

Be it a Pomeranian or a St. Bernard, there are some basic needs of each and every dog. Before getting a pet, make sure you know what these needs are and are ready to cater to all of them. It requires a lot more than just paper or plastic money to have a pet. The responsibilities are high, and only when you and your family members are fully prepared for all the changes and adjustment should you get a new member in the family.

Some needs like food, water, shelter, love and affection are supposedly primary needs. But there are other needs as well, like daily exercising, grooming, routine heath check-ups and seasonal needs which cannot be neglected at any cost.

Some of the basic needs of every dog are –

Healthy and Balanced Diet

It is your prime responsibility to give them a balanced diet that fulfils all their nutritional needs depending upon the breed and the age of your pet. A perfect balance of proteins from chicken, pulses etc., vitamins and minerals from a variety of fruits and vegetables, carbohydrates from rice, wheat etc. and other supplements like – calcium, zinc, omega  - 3 and omega – 6 fatty acids etc. are required by dogs in their daily diet. Be it fresh home cooked meals, dog food or a combination of the two, it is essential that you feed your pet according to their body needs.


Grooming is an integral part of the dogs needs list. It is a great idea that right from the beginning you make it a habit to devote at least 15 minutes every day towards the grooming of your pet. Brushing and combing would keep their coat shiny and the skin healthy. While you are combing you can check for any infection, cuts, abrasions, rashes and ticks. In summers it becomes all the more important to brush your pet daily as the coat acts like a blanket and traps all the heat inside. So make sure you get the right tools depending on the coat and the hair length of your pet, and then you all set.  Spend some quality time while you are grooming your smarty! ( Dog Grooming Products )


A healthy mind resides in a healthy body. And the best way to keep our canine companions healthy regular exercising is essential. A daily walk for about half an hour is recommended. But during the summer months, take them for a walk early in the morning and in late evening to avoid a heat stroke.

It is important to note that the amount and type of exercise should depend and vary according to the breed, age and the medical condition of the pet. Puppies, senior dogs and lactating mothers have a lower stamina, thus should not be overexerted. Always keep the session short to keep the interest going. The exercise should always be followed by some rest. Keep trying new styles and variations so that your pet does not bored of the same old routine.

Dog Basic NeedShelter

Just because they are animals and cannot complain, does not mean that you do not provide them adequate shelter. It is nothing less than a criminal offence to leave your little ones, out in the sweltering weather, rain, wind or to face the brunt of the chill. Make sure that their shelter is well equipped according to the season.

If your pet has to sleep outside the house make sure that the shelter is proper and in habitable condition. Provide a spacious and sturdy shelter to the pet that safeguards him/her from the varying weather conditions. Do not forget that the shelter should have ample clean drinking water for the pet.

Basic Training

Obedience training is an essential part during the pup’s growing up months. It gives them a sense of right and wrong and leads them onto a path of discipline.  Although a little here and there is acceptable, after all it is their mischiefs and funny behaviour that melts our heart. The training session provides them and overall grooming. (How to Train a Dog

Social Interaction

We are all social beings and have been brought up in such a way that it is essential for us to interact with our fellow beings. Similarly if you want your pet to be socially amicable you must let your pet mingle with other dogs, your friends, relatives and neighbours (of course only those who are willing). This would make them used different people which would in turn be good for their development.

Regular health check-ups

Prevention is always better than cure. So whenever you see a symptom of any infection or disease you should take to your pet to the vet immediately. Apart from this take your beloved for regular monthly health check-ups. Keep a tab on their vaccination schedule and do not miss a doze. Also note that little babies and senior citizens require extra care.  

You can do a lot at home as well - disinfecting the paws after the walk, as bathing is not possible you can sponge them often etc. It is hygienic as well as refreshing.

Love, Care and Affection

How would you feel if you were told to remain in one corner of the house always? Would you not feel neglected if nobody talk to you and treats you like a piece of furniture?

Just because our furry companions cannot speak, it does not mean that we don’t understand the language that their eyes speak. Shower them with love and affection and what you shall get in return is an infinite amount of the same. Nothing is more affectionate than a wet dog.

Clean drinking water

It is your duty to give your pet clean drinking water. Wash their water bowl regularly to keep it clean and free of fungus and bacteria.

Quality time

Experts believe that dog owners have a lowered risk of depression and stress. When you have your beloved pets with you the world seems a happier place. Spending quality time with your pet is therapeutic. Similarly talking to your pet is a stress buster. Talk to him/ her about how your day went, general happenings in life and sweet nothings and see the twinkle in their eyes and the wag of the tail climbing the ladder of eternal joy.

Play time

Indulge in a play session with your pet and see how your tension, stress and worries take a back seat. Tug of war, fetching ball, hide and seek or just chasing each other in the garden can be some of the options. It is also a good idea that you get some chewy and squeaky toys so that they can have a great play session on their own as well. Experts believe that regular play sessions are required for the physical and mental well-being of the pet.


Some other needs are –

·         An identity tag around their collar with your pets name, your address and phone number

·         Give them a comfortable bed, with extra bedding and blanket during the shivering winter months

·         Ensure that the floor is dry because most of the pets laze on the floor during summer

·         If your pet is on any form of medication make sure you give the doze on time and follow the instructions given by the vet closely

·         Keep the house pet friendly. For example – discard any pointed objects like plastic, nails etc. very carefully

Having a puppy in the house is similar to having a new born baby in your house, the only difference being that your pet would not call you mom and dad verbally.  But that feeling of togetherness, that warmth of a cuddle does not require words, it needs to be felt deep inside. So take care of your pet, love them and learn from them. I am sure every day would be exciting and colourful when you have your cuddly companions along with you. 


very nicely written artical. we liked it very much.we too love our lab cheeku

By: COL SK DUBEY | 22 Aug 2013

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