The name ‘St. Bernard’ comes from the Great St. Bernard Hospice. This is a hospice for travellers who commute the famously treacherous Great St. Bernard Pass in the Western Alps between Switzerland and Italy. The pass itself – along with the hospice and the dogs therein – were named for Bernard of Menthon, an 11th century monk who established the lodge. St. Bernards were earlier known as Saint Dogs, Noble Steeds, Alpenmastiffs or Barry Dogs, after a famous St. Bernard called Barry who saved several lives in the Alps.