Chihuahua is the world’s smallest breed dog, their antics and compact size can easily pass them as a child’s toy. There are times when you will find that even the dog is confused itself it loves to be cuddled and treated as an infant or a living toy. So do not be surprised when those coy eyes beacon you to hold them up and snuggle them.
They are excellent family pets and thrive in human companionship. They are mostly considered to be close to one person and will be possessive about this owner. Their portability and desire to be a lap dog make them a hit with celebrities around the world. They can be carried anywhere. If you have a Chihuahua then you must be busy buying ornamental products for him or her but your Chihuahua is more than just a cuddle toy and has some specific needs.
In this article we aim to help you know them better and understand its traits. If you are a prospective owner then let us tell you everything that you need to know about this breed. We will help you look beyond the petite look and frame.History
The Chihuahua is one of the oldest breed in the America though its origin is shrouded in mystery. Most of the researchers believe that it originated in Mexico. The most widely believed theory is that the Chihuahua descended from the Techichi, a companion dog that was widely present in the Toltec civilization of Mexico. There have been remains found of a small dog in the west Mexico shaft tomb tradition that goes back as much as 300B.C.
The Toltecs had conquered the Mayans and they were one of the first to domesticate the Techichi, they brought them home as pets and in some cases used them for religious purpose as well. There have been evidences that say that they were a part of religious ceremonies.Unique Aspects
The most unique feature of a Chihuahua is that you will be the proud parent of the worlds smallest breed. Their fragile built and height makes them the best lap dogs of the world. Their size makes the perfect pets for families. It does not have much energy requirements so no need to take them out for everyday walks. This makes them the perfect companions for apartments and condominiums.
This is one of the only breeds in the world that comes with a soft spot on the head better known as a molera and unlike humans, where the soft spot does not last long. The Chihuahua’s stays with it all its life. This is located at the top of the skull. This is generally placed on the top of the apple or deer shaped head.
The Chihuahuas do not fare well in extreme cold. So, if you live in an area where the temperature dips on a regular basis. It is safe to carry a sweater outdoors and a few extra blankets with the house will not harm anyone. This breed does not have a fat layer on them or a heavy and dense coat. This is one of the prime reasons that you will see your pet shivering in the cold.
When it comes to movies the Chihuahua is one of the most loved breeds with directors and screenplay writers. The dog is often been termed as the purse dogs with many celebrities because of the ease with it can be carried. This lap dog has encountered its share of fame when it comes to the limelight. Their fame rose when the Taco Bell ad appeared with the talking Chihuahua.
When it comes to movies who can forget Chloe from the Beverly Hills Chihuahua series. Then there was Chihuahua the movie, where the protagonist as we all might remembers is a Chihuahua again. Along with this there was BOLT. The Legally Blond again features this feisty breed.
Celebrity Chihuahua owners
The fascination with the Chihuahua does not end with movies. The fervor has extended to the celebrity world as well. One of the most frequently seen celebrity with her Chihuahua is Paris Hilton. Along with this there is Reese Witherspoon, Jennifer Love Hewit, Alyssa Milano, Christian Ricci, Hilary Duff, Anne Heche, Katharine Mcphee, Britney Spears, Sharon Osborne. Even yesteryear star Marilyn Monroe was a proud pet parent to a Chihuahua.
Pop Sensation Jennifer Lopez and Madoona are also a proud parent of Chihuahua. If you thought that the Chihuahua’s love was restricted to the fairer sex then you are in for a surprise. There are quite a number of male stars who have them as pet as well. This includes Mickey Rourke, George Lopez and Brian Littrell. Closer home Bipasha Basu is a proud owner of Chihuahua named Poshto.
The Chihuahua comes in two different coat types that is smooth and long and the short and glossy. The grooming depends on the coat type that you select. The smooth coated Chihuahua is easy to maintain it has a smooth and shiny coat that is close to the body and is a little longer and thicker on the neck. The hair in the ears and head is thinner and the tail is mostly furry.
The dog is wash and go, the grooming takes few minutes each week. They have to be brushed on weekly basis with a rubber grooming mitt or you can brush with a short and natural bristles. The long coated Chihuahua has a soft coat that is flat and slight curly. The body is almost as smooth as the smooth coat Chihuahua but the ears have a fringe of hair and the plumed tail spreads out like a fan over the back. In addition to this there is feathering on his feet. The hind legs are also covered with long hair that resembles like pants.
In addition to this you will need to follow the regular grooming regime for your pet that is brushing the teeth of your Chihuahua, this should be done at least on a weekly basis as this will help to remove all tartar buildup and ensure fresh breath at all times. This will also prevent various gum diseases in your pet.
You have to check for the nails and if grown they have to be clipped on regular basis as otherwise it can be very painful for your pet. You should always start this grooming regime in your pet from an early age as this will ensure that he is not temperamental with someone touching his feet, mouth or ear at a later stage.
Chihuahua is generally a healthy breed but is prone to a few ailments that are commonly seen in toy breed dogs. You have to remember though that when getting a puppy home that almost all and every breed has a chance of developing genetic disorders and they can contract any of the common diseases. So this not a word of law these are some of the unfortunate cases that you can encounter with your Chihuahua at times.
One of the most common problems seen in the Chihuahua is Patellar Luxation, which is also known as slipped stifles. Here the knee joint is displaced causing a lot of pain to the dog. There are times when the regular rubbing caused by the patella can lead to arthritis in a pet. This can be corrected through surgery easily.
Chihuahua is prone to Hypoglycemia that is low blood sugar. This is seen in toy breed puppies. This can be easily treatable in early stages but if not treated in time it can be fatal to the health of your pet. This condition mostly occurs in puppies as they do not have a fat reserve to supply the adequate glucose in times of stress.
Along with this one of the other common ailment found in Chihuahua is Heart Murmur, this is caused when there is a disturbance in the blood flow through the chambers of the heart. It is mostly graded by its loudness with one being very soft to very loud.
Chihuahuas are a high spirited and intelligent breed that loves to stay with its family. This dog thrives on human companionship. The Chihuahuas though a family dog will not do too well with families who have younger children as they might want to pick them up but are bound to drop them on the floor. This could lead to injuries in your fragile dog.
Contrary to the size this is a confident and courageous dog, which makes them an excellent watchdog. In fact there are times when this small toy breed has been the victim of the Small Dog Syndrome. A Chihuahua at times can come out to be a little reserved with strangers and early socialization will help to resolve this issue.
The Chihuahuas are also called the armpit piranhas at times. This is for the prime reason that they get attached to one member of the family. This can lead to them being obsessive about that family member to an extent that they want to protect him or her and always desire to be with themEnvironment
The Chihuahua is a fun loving dog that is a perfect lap dogs for the family. They love to be in the company of the humans and their biggest plus point is their proximity with people. They can travel everywhere with its parents. It can be even accommodated in tote bags to accompany you for your regular errands or just for shopping.
These dogs have a low exercise requirement so you do need to spare half an hour everyday to take them for walks. Their exercise requirement is completed within the house itself. You have to keep in mind that he or she should not wear them out. Chihuahuas are great pets but they might not be the best breed to be around with young children. They have larger than life personalities but they are fragile so a child can unknowingly hurt him or her. In fact there are some breeders in USA that do not sell puppies to children less than eight years of age.
The other thing that you have to keep in mind at all times is the Chihuahua should not be left unattended in the yard. This is not an outdoor dog, he or she could be easily attacked by a hawk or any other animal of prey as they might think that are a snack. The Chihuahua does not have a heavy coat and is prone to frost bites so he or she will not fare well in an extreme cold weather.Training & Intelligence
The Chihuahua contrary to its size is bold and confident, in fact it has terrier like features and an alert nature so they will be the excellent watchdog for the family but do not vouch for him or her to guard you. It can be quite the opposite you will need to take care of your pet at all times. He needs to be guarded at all times.
It is not one of the easiest breeds when it comes to training. Training the Chihuahua is quiet a task he or she will need consistent and persistent training. They are a single person dog so whoever your pet is attached to will be the best suited for the job of training him. They need proper socializing with other dogs to ensure a well rounded puppy.
One of the most important thing you need to remember at all times is that it is integral to start training right from the beginning when he or she is a puppy. If you wait for even six months then it will be an uphill task to train him or her.
Chihuahuas are not an easy breed when it comes to breeding. They can be a lot of complications involved in their mating. One of the most common complications is a fairly high rate of C section among them. The head of the pups are little too big so most of the times it is difficult to pass through the birth canal. In addition to this remember that the litter size of the breed is small. If you are ready to face these issues then go for it.
An average male and female Chihuahua will attain sexual maturity anywhere between six to nine months of age though he or she may be still be too young for breeding. Ideally you should breed after two years of age. The average litter size is around one to four puppies. In most of the cases you will need the help of your veterinarian to breed your dogs. The result though is appealing; you will get the absolutely cute puppies. Your puppies can be of various colors such as black, white, fawn, chocolate, gray and silver. You can get all the colors in the same litter.Puppies
The most important thing to keep in mind when getting home a Chihuahua puppy is that it should be bought from a reliable breeder. This will ensure that a healthy breed and certain hereditary conditions will be averted. The Chihuahua puppies can be a handful, they are high on energy and will be fun as companions, he or she will not need much exercise. The one thing that you will have to keep in mind at all times is that they should not tire themselves.
The Chihuahua puppy will not have its characteristic upright ears when he or she is a puppy. In fact they will have flappy ears. Your puppy will need early socialization to ensure that they are not wary of different sights and sounds. This will ensure that there is absence of any temperament issues and the puppy grows up to be a well rounded dog. You will need to housetrain and obedience training as soon as possible otherwise it can become quite a task later in life.
The Chihuahua is undeterred by any other dogs. This is not the breed to back off. He or she may be small but inside rides the heart of the lion. This is in fact the world’s smallest breed. The body is small with the back on level with the shoulders, which are lean and deep chest. The ribs are rounded unlike the barrel shaped of other dogs.
The smooth coated Chihuahua has a glossy and close lying smooth coat whereas the long coated has long fur which is soft in texture. This can be either flat or wavy. Most of the dogs have a neck ruff, which makes them all the more desirable. The head is graceful to look at and comes in an apple or deer shape. The cheeks are clean, chiseled, lean and flat. As per the size of your pet. The feet are small and dainty, which is cushioned with the toes divided but are not spread wide apart.
Chihuahuas are known by their radar ears which are large, feathered and flared and is always set at an range of forty five degrees. The nose is narrow and can be of any color. The eyes are large and round and set apart. The colors can range from dark or ruby and can be lighter in all light color dogs. These lovely purse or lap dogs will be your faithful companions for 12 to 16 years.