Basics of Dog Grooming
last updated 27th, Mar 2018,
Grooming of your dog encompasses hygienic care, cleaning of the dog as well as taking care of his appearance and enhancing it for shows or other competition.
You may not be interested in taking your pet for shows etc. So, it may not occur to you that grooming is essential for your pet. But, you must be aware -----Grooming your dog is a very basic activity in the life of any pet owner.
Depending on the hair-type,age,breed, and health of the dog grooming can be a daily activity.When you go out of your home you want to look clean and smart, you got to help your friend look the same.
So let us look at the basics of dog grooming and why is it important.Mainly you have to take care of the coat and keep it clean and free of any parasites.Also you have to take care of the nails and the teeth.The main reasons for daily grooming include:
1.decreased chance of various health problems, such as thrush, scratches, and other skin problems
2.general cleanliness of the dog
3.monitoring of the dog's health by checking for cuts, heat, swelling, lameness, or changes in temperament, all of which could be indicative of illness
4.forging of a closer bond between dog and owner
5.reducing infestation load of external parasites on skin.
Before you start off lets list down the things we need.You will need different types of brushes and combs, the fine ones and the coarse ones to free the coat of tangles and give it a sleek look.You will also need shampoos and hair dryers so that the dog can be bathed and the coat disinfected.
Curry Combs: A tool made of rubber or plastic with short "teeth." The tool is rubbed (or "curried") over the dog's coat to loosen dirt, hair, and other detritus, and stimulate the skin into producing natural oils. Metal currycombs should never be used, as they are designed for removing hair from brushes only. Currycombs usually have the handle made of plastic or wood. They are more commonly used for dogs that have large amounts of hair that has shed such as for the German Shepherds. They are also used for untangling knots in certain parts of the dog's body such as ears, paws or tail. Using a currycomb must be done carefully as the action of this type of tool can harm the skin of the dog, if pulled too hard.
Dog brushes come in various sizes and shapes can be made from metal, plastic and wood. Although there are many types of dog brushes, they are not very popular amongst the professional dog groomers as most of them prefer using teasels. Dog brushes are perfect for breeds that have long and fragile hair, especially if the coat is getting properly taken care of. Common dog brushes are the bristle brush, wire pin brush, and the slicker brush.
The slicker brush is the most common as it can be used on all kinds of coats.. As a general rule, longer and widely-spaced bristles are suitable for dogs with longer coats and shorter and tightly-packed ones are better to use on dogs with short hair. Typically, the bristle brush is used on dogs with long coats to finish the coat and to bring out the natural lustre and shine of the coat. It is commonly used in daily grooming as it removes surface dust and dirt.
Scissors and clippers: Cutting tools used to remove/shorten hair on certain types of coats or in sensitive areas. Not all types of coat are suitable for clipping, i.e. double coats on breeds such as Border Collies keep the dog cool in summer and warm in winter, and should not be clipped unless the dog is matted. The typical pair of scissors for dog grooming is between 6.5 and 9 inches long, longer than typical hair dressing scissors. Some are designed with a blunt tip to prevent any injuries due to the dog moving around.
Knives and Rakes: You may not have a shedding blade which is used to shed dull hair from coats but you can sure get your hands on knives and rakes.These are used to shed hair from the areas that make your dogs coat look dull or untidy.
Nail cutters: The dogs nails are of different structure from human nails and require attention as well. There are nail cutters available for the dogs and only these should be used to trim their toe nails.Your dogs toe nails if allowed to grow very long may lead to injuries.Dogs often try filing their nails by scratching on rough surfaces.This helps keeping the nails at an acceptable limit.However if you want to take him to a dog show you have to keep the nails trimmed properly.
Shampoos and conditioners are common grooming supplies used by every dog owner. Owners are recommended to use only shampoos, conditioners and rinses that are especially designed for dogs.Bath tubs are supplies more commonly found in professional grooming shops. They are made of a variety of materials, including galvanized steel. Also, these shops may have bathing systems and sprayers available for a better grooming as well as for the comfort of the pet.
Dental care is also to be considered while grooming. This is however quite a difficult mission, given that dogs hardly allow their teeth to be brushed. The dental kits available on the market include everything from special tooth paste to toothbrushes. Many models of toothbrushes include a three flexible head design which maintains the proper pressure on all surfaces of the tooth with every stroke. These brushes have side bristles set the 45-degree angles to reduce the arm twisting and soft outer bristles for massaging the gums. Toothpaste designed to be used on dogs is usually natural sugar free toothpaste with different flavoring. Foaming or rinsing is not necessary.
These are the very basics of dog grooming and these must be done religiously.Now there is no limit as to how you can make your dog look prettier.Nowadays you also have perfumes especially meant for pets and then there is a plethora of ribbons and collars to choose from.So go ahead you two and get ready to turn some heads!