Dog Blood Group
19 Dec 2013
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Different blood types in Dogs:
Have you ever wondered if there is a different blood group which belongs to my Dog? Then the answer is yes. There are many different species of animals in our planet and each has different type of circulatory system. A very major part of this system is blood and animals have different blood types based on their cell surface antigens. We all are familiar with the ABO system used for humans but Dogs have a different system altogether known as Dog Erythrocyte(DEA) system, which is broken down into eight categories such as DEA 1.1, DEA 1.2, DEA 3, DEA 4, DEA 5, DEA 7, and DEA 8. DEA 4 and DEA 6 appear on the red blood cell of 98% of dogs. Read more on Signs of a Sick Dog
Effect of Transfusion
Earlier know as
Acute hemolytic reaction
Acute hemolytic reaction
Dogs can be positive either for DEA 1.1 or 1.2 or are negative for both. DEA 1.1 is the most important blood type in dogs. DEA 1.1 positive dogs which consist of 33 to 45% of the population are considered to be universal recipient. Without expectation of a life-threatening Hemolytic Transfusion Reaction, DEA 1.1 can receive blood of any type. DEA 1.1 negative dogs are considered to be universal donors.
Is there a blood bank for my Dog?
The answer is yes. As humans our furry friend needs blood transfusion too incase there is a surgery, diseases or a trauma that they are suffering from. And who is the donor? A canine blood bankor a dog that is available at that time. Adonor dog usually should be between one and 8 years old, weigh at least 22.7 kg or more and most importantly should be healthy.All the vaccinations required by the dog should be up-to-date at the time of donating the blood. Apart from tick and heartworm treatments a donor should not be receiving any other medications. Each Donor are given a full blood typing and health screen and is tested for diseases like, Ehrlichia canis, Babesia canis, Leshmania donvanii, and Babesia gibsoni. Each unit of blood collected is again tested for the presence of Borrelia burgdorferi (Lyme) Dirofilaria immitis (Heartworm), and Ehrlichia canis.A healthy dog can donate every 8-10 weeksRapid Vet-H Canine Blood Typing Kit is used to check wetherer the dog is DEA 1.1 positive or negative. A recent study says that German Shepherd dogs are the universal donors. Read more on Dog Allergies
Here are different forms and varieties of blood that we get in a blood bank such as:
Packed Red Cells (RBC’s)
They are processed from 450mL of fresh whole blood. Stored on CPDA-1 and Optisol®. And must be stored in a refrigerator. The shelf life of which is 42 days. They are universal donors and DEA 1.1 Negative. Read more on Dog Skin Diseases
Fresh Frozen Plasma (FFP)
It is processed from 450mL of fresh whole blood within 6 hours of collection and is stored frozen. Shelf life of one Whole Blood
Whole blood stored in CPDA-1 and refrigerator. The shelf life is 35 days 450ml/ unit. They are universal donors and DEA 1.1 positive
Country’s first blood bank was opened by Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (TANUVAS) second such facility is being opened at Delhi's Rajokri village near the Delhi-Gurgaon border.
The price per unit of blood would cost approximately Rs. 5000.