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Summer Diseases of Dogs

19 Sep 2012 | by | Posted in: Training

Atopy – it is also known as atopic eczema, atopic disease or allergic inhalant dermatitis. Pruritis (clinical term for itch) is the most common sign affecting the face, feet, muzzle, ear canals and axillae involve otitis externa, seborrheic skin disease, anal sacculitis, atopic rhinitis. Redness, self trauma and secondary infections can also be seen.Associated conditions, flea allergy dermatitis. Diagnosis can be done on the basis of history, physical examination findings, skin scrapings and fungal culture.

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Lyme disease – Also known as Borreliosis, Ixodes tick and lyme borreliosis. It is a bacterial disease transmitted through ticks. Dogs are commonly affected at a younger age.Labradors, retrievers and sheepdogs are more predisposed to renal diseases.Clinically, animals may show anorexia,lethargy, fever and swelling of joints.Condition can be diagnosed by complete blood count, serum biochemistry, urinalysis and ultrasound.Prognosis is good for acute cases.Preventing Lyme disease requires effective tick control. Tick and flea preventive medication should be used on a monthly basis. Remove any ticks found on your dog promptly to decrease the possibility of disease transmission.

Heartworm disease – it is the infestation of Dirofilaria immitis, an intravascular parasite that resides on the right side of the heart; predominantly in the venae cavae and pulmonary arteries. All adult dogs are susceptible to this infestation. Most dogs do not show any clinical signs but spontaneous or inducible cough can be present upon tracheal palpation. It can be diagnosed by a complete blood count, serum biochemistry, urinalysis, ECG, and thoracic radiograph.

Heat stroke – Also called as hyperthermia. It is symbolized by a rise in core body temperature. Dogs with high risk and a greater possibility to have a heat stroke are young puppies,old dogs, fat obese dogs, recuperating dogs, breeds that have a short face such as bulldogs and breeds that have thick coat. Clinically the animal will show excessive panting, collapse,vomiting, diarrhea, inability to rise,tremors and seizures. Physical examination will reveal elevated rectal temperature, hyperemic mucous membranes, altered mental status and petechiae. It can be fatal if left untreated or un-noticed. (Refer to the article on Summer Care for more information on how to take care of your dog during the torrid summer months.)

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Ehrlichiosis – it is also known as tick fever, canine granulocytic ehrlichiosis.Common clinical signs include depression, lameness, oculonasal discharge, anorexia. Physical examination findings may reveal fever,abdominal pain, ataxia, splenomegaly,lymphadenopathy and joint pain. Dogs get Ehrlichiosis from the brown dog tick, which passes an Ehrlichia organism into the bloodstream when it bites. There are three stages of ehrlichiosis. The acute stage, occurring several weeks after infection and lasting for up to a month, can lead to fever and disorders of the blood. The second stage, called the subclinical phase, has no outward signs and can last for up to five years. If the infected dog’s immune system is unable to eliminate the Ehrlichia organism, the third and most serious stage of infection,the chronic phase, can be fatal.Lameness, neurological and ophthalmic disorders, kidney disease, anaemia and other blood disorders can be byproduct’s.Dogs with severe cases of chronic ehrlichiosis cannot be cured,but supportive care and treatment of diseases secondary to the infection can help stabilize the dog. The acute stage of the disease, occurring most often in the spring and summer, begins one to three weeks after infection and lasts for two to four weeks.

Dog Flea Allergies – Common symptoms of canine fleas include itching,red pimples or bumps on your dogs behind, legs (behind), tail, groin and belly. When your dog itch-es the infected area, she would have hair fall and the skin will become dry. If the condition continues, the skin can become crusty and infected causing crusty lesions. The best way to check for fleas is to place your dog on a piece of white paper.Brush the coat and if you see white and black grains of what looks like sand. The droplets are actually lea eggs and feces. There is also a skin test that your Veterinarian can use to test for flea allergy and fleas. Most dogs are cured when the fleas are eliminated from their body, hair and immediate surrounding.All pets that live with the dog should be checked as well. Your Veterinarian will treat fleas with creams and antibiotics.

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